If you are buying a diamond ring, loose stones, or jewellery, you should get a diamond certificate, which basically tells about characteristics that matter for the value. GIA, which stands for Gemological Institute of America, is global authority on diamonds and gemstones, as far as grading is concerned. This is an independent organization, which focuses on research in public interest. GIA Grading Reports are considered as fair and unbiased. In case you are wondering how to read a GIA diamond report, we have some quick details below.
About GIA Diamond Certificate
The GIA Diamond Certificate basically outlines all the relevant aspects related to the gemstone, including the 4Cs – cut, colour, clarity, and carat. You can check online to find samples of how the certificates look like, and the information categories on each is usually the same. This includes –
- A certificate number, unique for each diamond that’s being rated.
- Description of the diamond – the shape
- Carat weight
- Details of length, width and depth of the stone
- Diamond polish quality
- Rating of the symmetry
- Details of fluorescence presence, if any.
- Description of the appearance of the girdle
- Culet description
- Diagram of the diamond with regards to inclusions
Things to note
Buyers should know that GIA Diamond Certificate doesn’t really indicate the price of the diamond. It just says that the claims related to the characteristics of the stone are true as claimed. Keep in mind that there’s no standard way of evaluating the price of a diamond. Sellers use their own means to decide the price, which is why you should always work with a seller, who is reliable, authentic and doesn’t have a bad reputation for overpricing diamonds. In case you need to get the diamond insured, you will need an additional valuation certificate with the GIA Diamond Certificate. The valuation certification basically outlines the possible retail replacement price of the diamond to be insured.
What’s great about the GIA certificate is the fact that it contains all the relevant information but doesn’t really confuse the buyer. The certificate is presented in a readable manner, and you can almost make out what the ratings mean. However, you may want to do some initial work on how the different readings for 4cs are interpreted. At the end, you would want to be assured about the investment, and for that, it is important to find the right diamond dealer.